OpenVAS is an open source suite that can be used for vulnerability scanning and vulnerability management. It stands for Open Vulnerability Assessment System. OpenVAS is an excellent alternative to commercial security scanners such as Nessus, QualysGuard, etc. OpenVAS is divided into three parts: OpenVAS Scanner, OpenVAS Manager, and OpenVAS CLI.
In this tutorial, I will explain how to install OpenVAS Vulnerability Scanner on Ubuntu 16.04.
- A newly deployed Vultr Ubuntu 16.04 server instance.
- A non-root user with sudo privileges setup on your server.
- A static IP address of 192.168.15.110 configured on your system.
- The rsync package must be installed
Step 1: Update the system
First, update your system to the latest stable version by running the following commands:
sudo apt-get update -y sudo apt-get upgrade -y sudo reboot
Step 2: Install required dependencies
Before installing OpenVAS, you will need to install its required dependencies. To install them, run the following command:
sudo apt-get install python-software-properties
Next, you will also need to install SQLite for OpenVAS manager:
sudo apt-get install sqlite3
Step 3: Install OpenVAS
By default, the OpenVAS package is not available in the Ubuntu 16.04 repository, so you will need to add OpenVAS PPA to your system’s repository list.
Add the OpenVAS PPA.
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:mrazavi/openvas
Update the repository.
sudo apt-get update
Finally, install OpenVAS.
sudo apt-get install openvas
Once OpenVAS has finished installing, start the OpenVAS service with the following commands:
sudo systemctl start openvas-scanner sudo systemctl start openvas-manager sudo systemctl start openvas-gsa
Step 4: Allow OpenVAS through the system firewall
By default, OpenVAS runs on port
443, so you will need to allow this port through the UFW firewall.
sudo ufw allow https
Step 5: Access OpenVAS web interface
Before accessing OpenVAS, you will need to update its vulnerability database.
Once the database is up-to-date, open your web browser and type the URL
https://192.168.15.110/. On the login page, provide the default
admin). After logging in, you will be presented with the OpenVAS dashboard.
If you want to change the admin user’s password from command line, run the following command:
sudo openvasmd --user=admin --new-password=<new-password>
Congratulations! You have successfully installed OpenVAS on your Ubuntu 16.04 server.
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