Chronograf is a time-series data grapher, similar to Grafana, which uses InfluxDB as it’s backend. Chronograf is far more than just a data visualization tool though; through Kapacitor, an entire backend for alerting and monitoring is provided.
A variety of tools are used in this guide for different purposes, so please ensure the following packages are installed on your system.
sudo apt-get install wget curl
Since Chronograf relies on InfluxDB as the primary data source, we have to install the latest version first. It can be archived by simply downloading and installing the pre-created
wget https://dl.influxdata.com/influxdb/releases/influxdb_1.2.4_amd64.deb sudo dpkg -i influxdb_1.2.4_amd64.deb
If the installation succeeds, we can continue with enabling and starting the service using
sudo systemctl enable influxdb sudo systemctl start influxdb
To make sure the service is running properly, we can invoke the following command, connecting directly to the
InfluxDB HTTP API.
If everything is in order, the output should look similar to the following.
If you are experiencing an error while running the above command, make sure InfluxDB is enabled and has started properly and try again.
Kapacitor provides most of the functionality of Chronograf. In particular it is responsible for sending alerts. Alerts can be sent using various different services ranging from
HipChat. This package is provided through a pre-built
.deb file as well.
wget https://dl.influxdata.com/kapacitor/releases/kapacitor_1.3.1_amd64.deb sudo dpkg -i kapacitor_1.3.1_amd64.deb
Enable and start the service using
sudo systemctl enable kapacitor sudo systemctl start kapacitor
In order to verify that everything has been installed properly we can invoke the following command, which would usually return the currently queued tasks.
kapacitor list tasks
Make sure the output looks like this text.
ID Type Status Executing Databases and Retention Policies
In case an error is encountered, a detailed error-report will be shown.
Kapacitor successfully, we can continue with installing
Telegraf. Telegraf is responsible for gathering all metrics which will further be visualized through Chronograf.
wget https://dl.influxdata.com/telegraf/releases/telegraf_1.3.2-1_amd64.deb sudo dpkg -i telegraf_1.3.2-1_amd64.deb
Enable and start the service.
sudo systemctl enable telegraf sudo systemctl start telegraf
Double-check the initial configuration provided through the installation. Open
/etc/telegraf/telegraf.conf and make sure the lines below reflect your configuration.
urls = ["http://localhost:8086"] database = "telegraf"
Next we will proceed with installing the core-package of Chronograf.
wget https://dl.influxdata.com/chronograf/releases/chronograf_22.214.171.124_amd64.deb sudo dpkg -i chronograf_126.96.36.199_amd64.deb
Afterwards the service can be enabled and started.
sudo systemctl enable chronograf sudo systemctl start chronograf
In order to verify that the installation was successful, point your browser to
http://<server-ip>:8888 which shows an initial setup page on which we’ll continue.
Enter the InfluxDB connection details. Fill out the available forms as indicated below.
"Connection String" - http://localhost:8086 "Name" - InfluxDB "Telegraf Database" - telegraf
Make sure to also check the box labeled
Make this the default source.
Click on the gears icon on the left navbar (the last item). Under the
Active Kapacitor column press
Add config. Fill out the provided form using the values below.
"Kapacitor URL" - http://localhost:9092 "Name" - Kapacitor
You may now continue with adding alert endpoints through the provided form.
Add other hosts
In order to add other hosts to Chronograf using SNMP we have to make changes to our Telegraf configuration and install a few necessary plugins.
sudo apt-get install snmp snmp-mibs-downloader
After authorizing the host running Chronograf on another host, we can add said host to our Telegraf configuration using the lines below.
[[inputs.snmp]] agents = [ "<ip-address-of-other-host>:161" ] version = 2 community = "<snmp-community>" name = "snmp" [[inputs.snmp.field]] name = "hostname" oid = "RFC1213-MIB::sysName.0" is_tag = true [[inputs.snmp.table]] name = "snmp" inherit_tags = [ "hostname" ] oid = "IF-MIB::ifXTable" [[inputs.snmp.table.field]] name = "ifName" oid = "IF-MIB::ifName" is_tag = true
This, in particular, monitors all metrics such as CPU usage, memory usage and network usage split per interface with in-depth statistics including values like unicast packets and interface errors.
As of now, Chronograf doesn’t provide a classic authentication system such as
password authentication. In order to keep our installation secure, we’ll utilize the
Vultr Firewall feature to block any ports going to port
8888 TCP and add an exception rule for our client’s IP address which should be allowed to view it.
Since the other installed services only listen on the loopback IP address (
127.0.0.1 ) we are not required to explicitly block requests going to it.
Chronograf is a very flexible and beatiful metric visualization tool bundled with decent alerting and data-collecting packages creating a decent monitoring solution.
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