Recently, in December, 2015, PHP version 7 was released as a major upgrade for its predecessor, PHP 5. Compared to the last major version in PHP 5, PHP 5.6, PHP 7 introduced multiple significant improvements: up to 2x performance, significantly reduced memory usage, consistent 64-bit support, and numerous bug fixes, along with some new features like abstract syntax tree, return type declaration, and scalar type declaration.
If you want to make the most of PHP 7 right now, on RPM-based distributions, you can use the IUS Yum repository to perform the upgrade.
Note: Despite of the significant improvements PHP 7 introduces, you need to run thorough compatibility tests in the developing and staging environments before you deploy PHP 7 in your production environment in case of any unexpected issues with code-incompatibility.
In this article, as a demo, we will introduce to you how to upgrade the pre-installed PHP 5 to PHP 7 on a Vultr WordPress app server instance which is based on CentOS 6, PHP 5, Nginx, and MySQL.
Before proceeding, you need to:
- Deploy a new server instance with the Vultr WordPress app.
- Log in using a sudo user. You can learn how to create such a sudo user in this Vultr article.
Step 1: Update the system
If your project does not have special requirements on the version of each program in the system, it is always a good practice to update every program in the system to the latest stable version.
sudo yum update
Step 2: Uninstall the pre-installed PHP 5 packages
List all of the installed PHP 5 packages for review:
yum list installed php*
Remove all of the installed PHP 5 packages:
sudo yum remove php55u*
Step 3: Install PHP 7 packages using the IUS Yum repository
Thanks to the built-in IUS Yum repository on this Vultr WordPress server instance, you can already use it to install the PHP 7 packages.
Here, you can install corresponding PHP 7 packages in accordance with the former PHP 5 packages:
sudo yum install php70u-cli.x86_64 php70u-common.x86_64 php70u-fpm.x86_64 php70u-gd.x86_64 php70u-mbstring.x86_64 php70u-mcrypt.x86_64 php70u-mysqlnd.x86_64 php70u-opcache.x86_64 php70u-pdo.x86_64 php70u-pear.noarch php70u-process.x86_64 php70u-xml.x86_64 php70u-xmlrpc.x86_64
Although the upgrade is not finished yet, you can have a look at the current version of PHP with the command below:
Step 4: Configure PHP-FPM
Because the upgrade operation modified the configuration of PHP-FPM, you need to reconfigure PHP-FPM, making it start on system boot:
sudo chkconfig php-fpm on
Next, we need to set php-fpm to execute as the user
nginx in order to ensure WordPress media uploads continue to function as follows:
/etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf using your favorite text editor and locate the following 2 lines (usually lines 23 and 24):
user = php-fpm group = php-fpm
nginx as follow, then save and Close the file.
user = nginx group = nginx
Lastly, you need to restart the PHP-FPM service and the Nginx service to put your change into effect:
sudo service php-fpm restart sudo service nginx restart
That’s it. You can use PHP 7 to serve your WordPress site now.
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